The manufacture of a stone ax including the handle from using only primitive tools and materials. It is a celt (pronounced “selt”) a type of ax with a polished stone head wedged into a hole or mortise at the end of a wooden handle (not to be confused with a “Kelt” referring to a Celtic person). The head took about a week and a day to make as I chose to make it from a particularly large piece of basalt. The hammer stone used to shape the basalt was of quartz. This involved hammering, pecking, grinding and polishing the head into the final shape. The handle took a day and a morning to make. A chisel was made from stone and a mallet made from a log.